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Effect of automaticity on prospective estimates of temporal duration using stroop interference.

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dc.contributor.author Farris, J. Shawn.
dc.date.accessioned 2012-06-04T18:34:04Z
dc.date.available 2012-06-04T18:34:04Z
dc.date.created 1999 en_US
dc.date.issued 2012-06-04
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1175
dc.description viii, 85 leaves en_US
dc.description.abstract Attention to and memory of tasks has been linked to participants' ability to estimate time (Zakay, 1989). The present study examined attention to tasks and time estimation by looking at the amount of practice participants are exposed to before estimating the task's duration. Ninety undergraduate volunteers were exposed to either a low (1 trial) or high (10 trials) amount of time estimating practice and a Stroop task (Stroop, 1935) or color naming task. Two separate 2 (Task: Stroop or naming color patches) X 2 (Task familiarity: 1 or 10 task practice trials) X 2 (Time estimating familiarity: 1 or 10 time estimating practice trials) analyses of variance were conducted, one with time estimates as the dependent variable and the other with errors in time estimates as the dependent variable. No differences were found for the time estimate dependent variable. However, a significant Task Familiarity main effect and Task Familiarity X Time Estimating Familiarity interaction for the time estimation errors dependent variable supported the hypothesis that more automatic (i.e., practiced) tasks are estimated more accurately. Participants that practiced both time estimating and the task (both Stroop and color naming) were more accurate at estimating time than all other groups. The lack of a main effect for Task Type does not support the hypothesis that more difficult tasks (i.e., those that require more attention) are estimated less accurately. The results are discussed in light of the various models and hypotheses of time estimation and their implications for past and future research. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject Time perception. en_US
dc.title Effect of automaticity on prospective estimates of temporal duration using stroop interference. en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.college the teachers college en_US
dc.advisor Kenneth Weaver en_US
dc.department psychology en_US

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